Minya is an Egyptian city located in the upper Egypt and is called “the bride of Upper Egypt “
Minya plays an important role in ancient and modern Egypt Civilization
The name Minya evolved from the hieroglyphic word (prevented), which is the abbreviation of the full name (Manaat Khufu)
which was mentioned in the tombs of Bani Hassan and which means (the nursing city of King Khufu).from which the current name Minya came , and it is also called (Minya al-Fuli) after the great scholar Ahmad al-Fuli.
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Archeology and history of Minya
The centre of Dermawas is located 60 km south of the city of Minya, and there is the archaeological area of Tell el-Amarna, 15 km north-east of the city of Dermawas
The history of this region dates back to the era of the modern Pharaonic state, the Eighteenth Dynasty 1375 BC, and it is the area that Akhanatun chose to establish the capital of his kingdom named (Akhtun) for the purpose of worshiping the one god (Aton), who is symbolized by the sun disc emitting rays from it that ends with hands Mankind to give life to the universe.
Median (sister of Aton) was now “Tell el-Amarna”, the capital of Egypt in the era of the modern Pharaonic state. Akhenaten was given complete freedom to the artist to express himself and his surroundings, forming the first school of realist art known internationally as Amarna art.
And the most important Archaeological sites:
Northern Cemeteries Group:
The most important monuments of it (the remains of the northern palace and the Great Aten temple – Hawiya cemetery – the cemetery of Mary Ra – the cemetery of Binto – the cemetery of Banhasi), which are the tombs of princes and ministers
Southern Cemeteries Group:
There are 19 cemeteries in Haji Qandil, the most important cemetery of Ay, the high priest of God Amun
Akhenaten royal tomb:
It is located 12 km from Tell el-Amarna in a valley heading towards the east
Archaeological sites of the city of Mallawi
The city of Mallawi is located 48 km south of Minya, despite the cultural development, the center of Mallawi still preserves many ancient rural areas.
And from the archaeological sites in the centre of Mallawi:
The Ashmonin region, the name of the region was derived from the name of the ancient city (Khimono), and the Greeks called it (Hermopolis), as the Copts called it (Shimon: meaning the city of the eight gods), and it was the main seat of the worship of the god Thoth, the god of writing, wisdom and knowledge
And in it important relics from different eras, the most prominent of these relics: statues of the god Thoth and the remains of the Greek market – the remains of a temple built by Ramses II
The Tuna Mountain region: in which extended catacombs were found in which Bahl found many mummies of ibex and baboon monkeys, and Aramaic papyri dating back to the era of King Darius and other important monuments in the region (the tomb of Pettoserisel, the chief priest from the Greco-Roman era – the mummy of Isadora
- Tomb of Petosiris
- Deir Al-Barsha area
- Sheikh Abad area
There are some Islamic Archaeological sites:
- Sheikh Ubadah Bin Al Samit Mosque, one of the companions of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace
- Al-Asqalani Mosque, which was built in 1193
- Al-Yousfi Mosque from the Fatimid era
There are many other archaeological centers and areas, such as the Samalout Centre, which includes many archaeological areas, the most famous of which are: Al-Babin archaeological area – the Monastery of the Virgin Mary – the ancient mosque –
And Bani Mazar Centre:
- Al-Bahnasa region and other Islamic archaeological areas such as the Al-Hassan Bin Saleh Bin Ali Zain Al-Abidin Bin Al-Hussein Bin Ali Bin Abi Talib Mosque, may God be pleased with him.
- The seven girls
Sidi Ali Al-Jamam Mosque
The tomb of my master Fath al-Bab, one of the heroes of the Islamic conquest
A group of domes such as the Dome of Abu Samra and the Dome of Prince Ziyad Al-Fadl Bin Al-Harith Bin Abdul Muttalib, a cousin of the Messenger of God, may God bless him and grant him peace
And the area of Bani Hassan, and Establ Antar,